Diabetes is a dysmetabolic state(Abnormal metabolism) in which abnormal rise in blood glucose level. This leads to 2 important complications. One is called as macrovascular complications – acceleration of atherosclerosis (excess and early deposit of cholesterol in arteries. Another is microvascular complications which are characteristic of prolonged uncontrolled diabetes. They are peripheral neuropathy(damage of peripheral nerves), nephropathy(damage of glomerular apparatus), and retinopathy( damage of retina of eyes), Varying degree of genetic and environmental influences lead to this condition. Most important pathophysiological factors are gradual loss of Beta cell function (and cellular loss if not addressed in initial stages) and insulin resistance. 

Management of Diabetes Includes


Healthy Balanced Diet


Exercise or Increased Physical Activity


Proper Medication


Frequent Lab Tests and Doctor Consultation

Healthy Balanced Diet

  1. Eating right quantity of food , in right proportion, 
  2. In right time is must for all, not only diabetics.


  1. It helps in maintaining blood sugar levels .
  2. Nutritious food keeps us active.
  3. Helps in postponing diabetes who are in borderline.

Benefits of Exercise/Physical Activity

1. Exercise is the only food for brain
(high level calculation and complex problem solving are exercises to the brain)
2. Improves blood supply throughout the body.
3. Makes mind and body fresh and energetic
4. Immune system is enhanced (Our body defence mechanism to infections).
5. Heart becomes more enduring and less prone for attacks
6. Lungs work well for a longer age with less prone for diseases
7. Brain degeneration is prevented and makes less prone for stroke (brain attack)
8. Aging is delayed.
9. Muscle wasting in old age is prevented
10. Bones remain strong
11. Life of most of organs are improved and they function better.
12. Less chances of cancer
13. Controls diabetes, high blood pressure, excess unwanted cholesterol, and joint diseases
14. In women effects of menopause are attenuated by regular physical activity